Statistics in archaeology are prone to debates – about what we do, why we do it, whether it works statistically and whether it works archaeologically (often not the same thing!). Below are some references that I’ve collected, though once again the seminal works on the topic are probably missing as I don’t tend to reference them.

There are also a number of good papers listed at Prof. Clive Orton’s UCL Institute for Archaeology Page.

Bibliography of archaeological statistics (Harvard Style)

Aitchison, J. (2002). Some comments on compositional data analysis in archaeometry, in particular the fallacies in Tangri and Wright’s dismissal of logratio analysis. Archaeometry, 44(2), 295-304.

Aldenderfer, M. (1998). Quantitative methods in archaeology: a review of recent trends and development. Journal of Archaeological Research, 6(2), 91-120.

Baxter, M. J. (1992). Statistical analysis of chemical compositional data and the comparison of analyses. Archaeometry, 34(2), 267-277.

Baxter, M. J. (1999). Detecting multivariate outliers in artefact compositional data. Archaeometry, 41(2), 321-338.

Baxter, M. J. (2001). Statistical modelling of artefact compositional data. Archaeometry, 43(1), 131-147.

Baxter, M. J. (2008). Mathematics, statistics and archaeometry: the past 50 years or so. Archaeometry, 50(6), 968-982.

Baxter, M. J. (2009a). Archaeological data analysis and fuzzy clustering. Archaeometry, 51(6), 1035-1054.

Baxter, M. J. (2009b). Review of Dwight Read’s Artifact Classification: a Conceptual and Methodological Approach. Cambridge Archaeological Journal, 19(2), 260-261.

Baxter, M. J., Cool, H. E. M., Heyworth, M. P., & Jackson, C. (1995). Compositional variability in colourless Roman vessel glass. Archaeometry, 37(1), 129-141.

Baxter, M. J., Cool, H. E. M., & Jackson, C. (2005). Further studies in the compositional variability of colourless Romano-British vessel glass. Archaeometry, 47(1), 47-68.

Baxter, M. J., Cool, H. E. M., & Jackson, C. (2006). Comparing glass compositional analyses. Archaeometry, 48(3), 399-414.

Beier, T., & Mommsen, H. (1994). Modified Mahalanobis filters for grouping pottery by chemical composition. Archaeometry, 36(2), 287-306.

Chatfield, C. (1985). The initial examination of data. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 148(3), 214-253.

Chatfield, C. (1991a). Avoiding statistical pitfalls. Statistical Science, 6(3), 240-252.

Chatfield, C. (1991b). Avoiding Statistical Pitfalls: Rejoinder. Statis, 6(3), 267-268.

Chatfield, C. (2002). Confessins of a pragmatic statistician. Journal of the Royal Statistical Society. Series D (The Statistician), 51(1), 1-20.

Fortes, F. J., Cortes, M., Simon, M. D., Cabalin, L. M., & Laserna, J. J. (2005). Chronocultural sorting of archaeological bronze objects using laser-induced breakdown spectrometry. Analytica Chimica Acta, 554, 136-143.

Frey, B. J., & Dueck, D. (2007). Clustering by passing messages between data points. Science, 315, 972-976.

Gamble, A. (2001, April). The dummy’s guide to data analysis using SPSS.

Grave, P., Lisle, L., & Maccheroni, M. (2005). Multivariate comparison of ICP-OES and PIXE/PIGE analysis of east Asian storage jars. Journal of Archaeological Science, 32, 885-896.

Hage, P., Harary, F., & James, B. (1996). The minimum spanning tree problem in archaeology. American Antiquity, 61(1), 149-155.

Hall, M. E., Brimmer, S. P., Li, F., & Yablonsky, L. (1998). ICP-MS and ICP-OES studies of gold from a Late Sarmatian burial. Journal of Archaeological Science, 25, 545-552.

Hancock, R. G. V., Hancock, K. E., & Hancock, J. K. (2008). Thoughts on the utility of a bivariate-splitting approach to Olmec ceramic data interpretation. Archaeometry, 50(4), 710-726.

Hodson, F. R. (1969). Searching for structure within multivariate archaeological data. World Archaeology, 1(1), 90-105.

Hurst Thomas, D. (1978). The awful truth of statistics in archaeology. American Antiquity, 43(2), 231-244.

Jaroslaw, J., & Hildebrandt-Radke, I. (2009). Using multivariate statistics and fuzzy logic system to analyse settlement preferences in lowland areas of the temperate zone: an example from the Polish Lowlands. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36, 2096-2107.

Kvamme, K. L., Stark, M. T., & Longacre, W. A. (1996). Alternative procedures for assessing standardization in ceramic assemblages. American Antiquity, 61(1), 116-126.

Lilliefors, H. W. (1967). On the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test for normality with mean and variance unknown. Journal of the American Statistical Association, 62(318), 399-402.

Luciano, G., Leardi, R., & Letardi, P. (2009). Principal component analysis of colour measurements of patinas and coating systems for outdoor bronze monuments. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 10, 331-337.

Ottaway, B. (1974). Cluster analysis of impurity patterns in Armorico-British daggers. Archaeometry, 16(2), 221-231.

Read, D. W. (1989a). Statistical methods and reasoning in archaeological research: A review of praxis and promise. Journal of Quantitative Anthropology, 1, 5-78.

Read, D. W. (1989b). Statistical methods and reasoning in archaeological research: a review of praxis and promise. Journal of Quantitative Anthropology, 1(1), 5-78.

Silvestri, A., Molin, G., & Salviulo, G. (2008). The colourless glass of Iulia Felix. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, 331-341.

Wuensch, K. L. (2009). Principle Component Analysis – SPPS. Retrieved November 25, 2009, from

Zhu, J., Shan, J., Qiu, P., Qin, Y., Wang, C., He, D., et al. (2004). The multivariate statistical analysis and XRD analysis of pottery at Xigongqiao site. Journal of Archaeological Science, 31, 1685-1691.

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