As with copper alloys, I worked on glass and enamels primarily during my postgraduate studies. They’re shown here separately, but that’s an artefact of the way my referencing software out-putted the data, rather than an archaeological or scientific reality. There’s a lot of cross-over in research between the two, particularly when looking at the earliest enamels, as these were fundamentally glass. Studying enamels has also helped us better understand the addition of colour to glasses. I probably stopped adding to this bibliography c.2010.

Enamels

Artiolo, G. et al., 2009. The blue enamels in the Baroque decorations of the churches of Palermo, Sicily: Fe2+coloured glasses from lime kilns. Archaeometry, 51(2), pp.197–213.

Bateson, J.D. & Hedges, R.E.M., 1975. The scientific analysis of a group of Roman-age enamelled brooches. Archaeometry, 17(2), pp.177–190.

Bayley, J., 2003. Evidence for the production and use of opaque red glass in Roman Britain. In Annales du 15e congrès de l’Association internationale pour l’histoire du verre, New York-Corning, 15-20 October 2001. Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre, pp. 45–48.

Bayley, J., 2005. Roman enamel and enamelling: new finds form Castleford, Yorkshire. In Annales du 16e Congress de l’Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre, London, 2003. Association Internationale pour l’Histoire du Verre.

Biek, L. et al., 1976. Enamels and glass pastes on Roman-period “bronzes” found at Nornour, Isles of Scilly. In Edinburgh, pp. 50–79.

Brun, N. & Pernot, M., 1992. The opaque red glass of celtic enamels from continental Europe. Archaeometry, 34(2), pp.235–252.

Butcher, S., 1976. Enamelling. In Roman Crafts. London: Duckworth, pp. 42–51.

Freestone, I., Stapleton, C.P. & Rigby, V., 2003. The production of red glass and enamel in the Late Iron Age, Roman and Byzantine periods. In Through a Glass Brightly – Studies in Byzantine and Medieval Art and Archaeology Presented to David Buckton. Oxford: Oxbow, pp. 142–154.

Kaschieva, E., Dimitriev, Y. & Tsaneva, S., 2008. Composition and microstructure of decorative enamels included in Roman fibulae found in Bulgaria. In G. Phakorellēs, N. Zacharias, & K. Polikreti, eds. Proceedings of the 4th Symposium of the Hellenic Society for Archaeometry, National Hellenic Research Foundation, Athens, 38-31 May 2003. BAR International. Oxfood: Archaeopress, pp. 363–369.

Santagostino Barbone, A. et al., 2008. The Sectilia panels of Faragola (Ascolu Satriano, Southern Italy): A multi-analytical study of the red, orange and yellow glass slabs. Archaeometry, 50(3), pp.451–473.

Spratling, M.G., 1976. Observations on the analysis of the composition of the opaque red glass (’red enamel’) of the British pre-Roman iron-age. In Archaeometry 1976. p. 113.

Stapleton, C.P., Freestone, I. & Bowman, S.G.E., 1999. Composition and origin of early medieval opaque red enamel from Britain and Ireland. Journal of Archaeological Science, 26, pp.913–921.

Tite, M., Pradell, T. & Shortland, A., 2008. Discovery, Production and Use of Tin-Based Opacifiers in Glasses, Enamels and Glazes from the Late Iron Age Onwards: A Reassessment*. Archaeometry, 50(1), pp.67–84.

Glasses

Accardi, A.R.D., 2008. Architectures “on ruins” and ambiguous transparency: The glass in preservation and communication of archaeology. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.107–112.

Aerts, A. et al., 2002. Change in silica sources in Roman and post-Roman glass. Spectrochimica Acta Part B, 58, pp.659–667.

Almeida, T. et al., 2008. Luminescent glasses in art. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.138–142.
Arletti, R. & Vezzalini, G., 2008. Archaeometrical Studies of Roman Imperial age glass from Canton Ticino. Archaeometry, 50(4), pp.606–626.

Basso, E., Messiga, B. & Riccardi, M.P., 2008. Stones from medieval glassmaking: a suitable waste product for reconstructing an early stage of the melting process in the Mt Lecco glass factory. Archaeometry, 50(5), pp.822–834.

Baxter, M.J. et al., 1995. Compositional variability in colourless Roman vessel glass. Archaeometry, 37(1), pp.129–141.

Baxter, M.J., Cool, H.E.M. & Jackson, C., 2006. Comparing glass compositional analyses. Archaeometry, 48(3), pp.399–414.

Baxter, M.J., Cool, H.E.M. & Jackson, C., 2005. Further studies in the compositional variability of colourless Romano-British vessel glass. Archaeometry, 47(1), pp.47–68.

Bel, 2009. Mosaic glass made in Rome between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: Rome glassmakers for the Fabrica di San Pietro.

Belmonte, C. & Salerno, C.S., 2008. Mosaic glass made in Rome between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: Rome glassmakers for the Fabrica di San Pietro. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e93–e96.

Biek, L. & Bayley, J., 1979. Glass and other Vitreous Materials. World Archaeology, 11(1), pp.1–25.
Bonet, J., 2008. Conservation-restoration of cloisonné windows: A case study. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.69–72.

Boschetti, C., Leonelli, C., Macchiarola, M., et al., 2008. Early evidences of vitreous materials in Roman mosaics from Italy: An archaeological and archaeometric integrated study. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e21–e26.

Boschetti, C., Leonelli, C., Corradi, A., et al., 2008. Glass-working evidences at Dürres, Albania: An archaeological and archaeometric study. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e33–e36.

Brems, D. et al., 2012. Western Mediterranean sand deposits as a raw material for Roman glass production. Journal of Archaeological Science, 39(9), pp.2897–2907.

Caron, B., 1993. A Roman Figure-Engraved Glass Bowl. Metropolitan Museum Journal, 28, pp.47–55.

Caron, B., 1997. Roman Figure-Engraved Glass in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Metropolitan Museum Journal, 32, pp.19–50.

Colomban, P., 2008. On-site Raman identification and dating of ancient glasses: A review of procedures and tools. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e55–e60.

Cool, H.E.M., Jackson, C.M. & Monaghan, J., 1999. Glass-making and sixth legion at York. Britannia, 30, pp.147–162.

Degryse, P. et al., 2008. Sr-Nd isotopic analysis of glass from Sagalassos (SW Turkey). Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e47–e49.

Degryse, P. & Schneider, J., 2008. Pliny the Elder and Sr-Nd isotopes: tracing the provenance of raw materials for Roman glass production. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, pp.1993–2000.

Doménech-Carbó, M.T. et al., 2008. Characterization of Iranian Moarraque glazes by light microscopy, SEM-EDX and voltammetry of microparticles. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e50–e54.

Domínguez Rodés, M. del C. & Cañellas Martínez, S., 2008. Materials for stained glass windows in catalonian documentation (14th and 15th centuries). Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e85–e88.

Dussubieux, L. et al., 2008. The trading of ancient glass beads: new analytical data from south asian and east african soda-alumina glass beads. Archaeometry, 50(5), pp.797–821.

Dussubieux, L., Robertshaw, P. & Glascock, M.D., 2009. LA-ICP-MS analysis of African glass beads: laboratory inter-comparison with an emphasis on the impact of corrosion on data interpretation. International Journal of Mass Spectrometry, 284, pp.152–161.

Editorial, 2008. Glass science in art and conservation. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement), pp.1–4.

El-Gohary, M., October. Experimental tests used for treatment of red weathering crusts in disintegrated granite – Egypt. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 10(4), pp.471–479.

Falcone, R., Renier, A. & Verità, M., 2002. Wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence analysis of ancient glasses. Archaeometry, 44(4), pp.531–542.

Foster, H.E. & Jackson, C.M., 2009. The composition of “naturally coloured” late Roman vessel glass from Britain and the implications for models of glass production and supply. Journal of Archaeological Science, 36(2), pp.189–204.

Galli, S. et al., 2004. Raman and scanning electron microscopy and energy-dispersive x-ray techniques for the characterization of colouring and opaquening agents in Roman mosaic glass tesserae. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy, 35, pp.622–627.

Gillies, K.J.S. & Cox, G.A., 1982. Medieval window glass: its composition and decay. In 22nd Archaeometry Conference, 1982. pp. 181–183.

Gimeno, D. et al., 2008. From Siena to Barcelona: Deciphering colour recipes of Na-rich Mediterranean stained glass windows at the XIII-XIV century transition. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e10–e15.

Greiff, S. & Schuster, J., 2008. Technological study of enamelling on Roman glass: The nature of opacifying, decolourizing and fining agents used with the glass beakers from Lübsow (Lubieszewo, Poland). Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e27–e32.

Henderson, J., 1985. The raw materials of early glass production. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 4(3), pp.267–291.

Henderson, J., McLoughlin, S.D. & McPhail, D.S., 2004. Radical changes in Islamic glass technology: evidence for conservation and experimentation with new glass recipes form early and middle islamic Raqqa, Syria. Archaeometry, 46(3), pp.439–468.

Henderson, J. & Warren, S.E., 1982. Analysis of prehistoric lead glass. In 22nd Archaeometry Conference, 1982. pp. 168–180.

Herrera, L.K. et al., 2008. Studies of deterioration of the tin-mercury alloy within ancient Spanish mirrors. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e41–e46.

Huisman, D.J. et al., 2009. Compositional variation in Roman colourless glass objects from the Bocholtz burial (the Netherlands). Archaeometry, 51(3), pp.413–439.

Hunter, J.R. & Sanderson, D.C.W., 1982. The investigation of early glass. In 22nd Archaeometry Conference, 1982. pp. 158–167.

Jackson, C.M., 2005. Making colourless glass in the Roman period. Archaeometry, 47(4), pp.763–780.

Jackson, C.M. et al., 2003. Roman glass-making at Coppergate York? Analytical evidence for the nature of production. Archaeometry, 45(3), pp.435–456.

Jackson, C.M. & Booth, C.A., 2005. Glass by design? Raw materials, recipes and compositional data. Archaeometry, 47(4), pp.781–795.

Jackson, C.M. & Smedley, J.W., 2004. Medieval and post-medieval glass technology: melting characteristics of some glasses melted from vegetable ash and sand mixtures. Glass Technology, 45(1), pp.36–42.

Jiménez, J.L., Ruiz, E. & Burriel, J.M., 2008. A Late Roman industrial complex with glass furnaces in the northern area of Valencia. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e97–e100.

Kuleff, I. & Djingova, R., 2007. Archaeometric investigations at the University of Sofia, Bulgaria. Archaeometry, 49(2), pp.245–253.

La Delfa, S., Ciliberto, E. & Pirri, L., 2008. Behaviour of copper and lead as chromophore elements in sodium silicate glasses. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e117–e122.

La Delfa, S., Formisano, V. & Ciliberto, E., 2008. Laboratory production of Egyptian faiences and their characterization. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9, pp.113–116.

Lang, J. & Price, J., 1975. Iron tubes from a late roman glassmaking site at Mérida (Badajoz), in Spain. Journal of Archaeological Science, 2(4), pp.289–296.

Lopes, F. et al., 2008. Uranium glass in museum collections. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e64–e68.

Loup, M.S., Villagrasa, S. & Gomes, C.F., 2008. The manufacture of glass pot furnaces in Marinha Grande (Portugal) during the last decades of the 19th century. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e89–e92.

Maggetti, M., Neururer, C. & Rosen, J., 2009. Antimonate opaque glaze colours from the faience manufacture of Le Bois D’Epense (19th century, Northeastern France). Archaeometry, 51(5), pp.791–807.

Mass, J.L., Wypyski, M.T. & Stone, R.E., 2002. Malkata and Lisht glassmaking technologies: towards a specific link between second millennium BC metallurgists and glassmakers. Archaeometry, 44(1), pp.67–82.

Mills, P.J. & Cox, G.A., 1994. Analytical studies of weathered medieval stained glass in England. In Archaeometry 1994. pp. 141–146.

Mirti, P. et al., 2008. ICP-MS analysis of glass fragments of Parthian and Sasanian epoch from Seleucia and Veh Ardasir (Central Iraq). Archaeometry, 50(3), pp.429–450.

Mirti, P., Casoli, A. & Appolonia, L., 1993. Scientific analysis of Roman glass from Augusta Praetoria. Archaeometry, 35(2), pp.225–240.

Monti, M. et al., 2008. New protective coatings for ancient glass: Silica thin-films from perhydropolysilazane. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e143–e145.

Murcia-Mascarós, S. et al., 2008. A new cleaning method for historic stained glass windows. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.73–80.

Oliver, A., 2001. A glass opus sectile panel from Corinth. Hesperia, 70(3), pp.349–363.

Paynter, S., 2006. Analyses of colourless Roman glass from Binchester, County Durham. Journal of Archaeological Science, 33, pp.1037–1057.

Peltenburg, E., 1971. Some early developments of vitreous materials. World Archaeology, 3(1), pp.6–12.

Perez-Pariente, J. & Martin Rojo, A.B., 2008. Glass technology in Spain in XVIIIth century according to printed sources: the Spanish annotated translation of L’Arte Vetraria. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9, pp.81–84.

Pernicka, E. & Mallisa Jun, H., 1976. Examination of Islamic glazes with the electron microprobe. In Archaeometry 1976.

Pradell, T. et al., 2008. Technology of Islamic lustre. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e123–e128.

Puche-Roig, A. et al., 2008. Float glass colouring by ion exchange. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e129–e133.

Quartieri, S. et al., 2002. Fe and Mn K-edge XANES study of ancient Roman glasses. European Journal of Mineralogy, 14, pp.749–756.

Rehren, T. & Pernicka, E., 2008. Coins, artefacts and isotopes – archaeometallurgy and Archaeometry. Archaeometry, 50(2), pp.232–248.

Ruivo, A. et al., 2008. Gold nanoparticles in ancient and contemporary ruby glass. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.134–137.

Saleh, S.A., George, A.W. & Helmi, F.M., 1972. Study of glass and glass-making processes at Wadi el-Natrun, Egypt in the Roman period 30 BC to 359 AD. Part 1. Fritting crucibles, their technical features and temperature employed.

Studies in Conservation, 17(4), pp.143–172.

Salerno, C.S. et al., 2008. Glass weathering in eighteenth century mosaics: The São João Chapel in the São Roque Church in Lisbon. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e37–e40.

Santagostino Barbone, A. et al., 2008. The Sectilia panels of Faragola (Ascolu Satriano, Southern Italy): A multi-analytical study of the red, orange and yellow glass slabs. Archaeometry, 50(3), pp.451–473.

Schibille, N., Marii, F. & Rehren, T., 2008. Characterization and provenance of late antique window glass from the Petra church in Jordan. Archaeometry, 50(4), pp.627–642.

Schorsch, D., 2001. Precious-metal polychromy in Egypt in the time of Tutankhamun. The Journal of Egyptian Archaeology, 87, pp.55–71.

Shortland, A.J. et al., 2006. Natron as a flux in the early vitreous materials industry: sources, beginnings and reasons for decline. Journal of Archaeological Science, 33, pp.521–530.

Shortland, A.J., 2007. Who were the glassmakers? Status, theory and method in mid-second millennium glass production. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 26(3), pp.261–274.

Shortland, A.J., Freestone, I. & Rehren, T. eds., 2009. From Mine to Microscope: Advances in the Study of Ancient Technology, Oxford: Oxbow.

SHORTLAND, A.J. & TITE, M.S., 2005. TECHNOLOGICAL STUDY OF PTOLEMAIC – EARLY ROMAN FAIENCE FROM MEMPHIS, EGYPT*. Archaeometry, 47(1), pp.31–46.

Silvestri, A. et al., 2006. Sand for Roman glass production: An experimental and philological study on source of supply. Archaeometry, 48(3), pp.415–432.

Silvestri, A., 2008. The coloured glass of Iulia Felix. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, pp.1489–1501.

Silvestri, A., Molin, G. & Salviulo, G., 2005. Roman and medieval glass from the Italian area: Bulk characterization and relationships with production technologies. Archaeometry, 47(4), pp.797–816.

Silvestri, A., Molin, G. & Salviulo, G., 2008. The colourless glass of Iulia Felix. Journal of Archaeological Science, 35, pp.331–341.

Smedley, J.W. & Jackson, C.M., 2002. Medieval and post-medieval glass technology: batch measuring practices. Glass Technology, 43(1), pp.22–27.

Soulier, I., Gratuze, B. & Barrandon, J.N., 1994. The origin of cobalt blue pigments in French glass from teh Bronze Age to the Eighteenth Century. In Archaeometry 1994. pp. 133–140.

Stern, E.M., 1999. Roman glassblowing in a cultural context. American Journal of Archaeology, 103(3), pp.441–484.
Sterpenich, J. & Libourel, G., 2001. Using stained glass windows to understand the durability of toxic waste matrices. Chemical Geology, 174, pp.181–193.

Tite, M., Pradell, T. & Shortland, A., 2008. Discovery, Production and Use of Tin-Based Opacifiers in Glasses, Enamels and Glazes from the Late Iron Age Onwards: A Reassessment*. Archaeometry, 50(1), pp.67–84.

Tite, M.S., Pradell, T. & Shortland, A., 2008. Discovery, production and use of tin-based opacifiers in glasses, enamels and glazes from the Late Iron Age onwards: a reassessment. Archaeometry, 50(1), pp.67–84.

Van der Linden, V. et al., 2009. Deeply coloured and black glass in the northern provinces of the Roman Empire: Differences and similarities in chemical composition before and after AD 150. Archaeometry, 51(5), pp.822–844.

Velde, B., 1990. Alumina and calcium oxide content of glass found in Western and Northern Europe, first to ninth centuries. Oxford Journal of Archaeology, 9(1), pp.105–117.

Velde, B. & Gendron, C., 1980. Chemical composition of some Gallo-Roman glass fragments from Central Western France. Archaeometry, 22(2), pp.183–187.

Verità, M. et al., 2008. Roman glass: Art and technology in a 4th century A.D. opus sectile in Ostia (Rome). Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e16–e20.

Willmott, H., Miller, I. & Jackson, C., 2012. GLASS RECIPES AND THE OUTPUT FROM A 19TH-CENTURY GLASS WORKS: EXAMPLES FROM PERCIVAL, VICKERS & CO. LTD, MANCHESTER. Industrial Archaeology Review, 34(1), pp.51–64.

Wouters, H., van Royen, H. & Nys, K., 2008. Archaeological window glass from Cistercian Abbeys: Developing a new method from a selection of relevant excavations throughout Europe. Journal of Cultural Heritage, 9(Supplement 1), pp.e101–e106.

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